**F**irst

**O**uter

**I**nner

**L**ast

Let us look at an example

(x+4) (x+1)

These are both binomials, to multiply them we first multiply the first two terms to get x

^{2}

Then we still take the first x and multiply it by the outer number: 1, to get x.

So far we have

x

^{2}+ x

Now we do the inner number: 4

4 times x is 4x

and finally the last number 4 times 1 is 4

So in total we have

x

^{2}+ x + 4x + 4

which can be simplified by combining the like x terms to

x

^{2}+ 5x + 4

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